James BULMER’s life was complicated enough to cause some confusion in the minds of 21st century seekers of genealogical truth. So far, I have only put his birth family on the Filey Community Tree. Kath, in her Filey Folk database, has James marrying twice, first to “Mary Ann Bulmer” and then Ann TEMPLE. Ann, the daughter of George TEMPLE and Mary, had a son in 1873 who was given the name Pickering TEMPLE. Kath has Ann marrying John PICKERING in Darlington that year.
Bulmer Families Genealogy records only one marriage for James but two family groups for Ann, the first headed by an unnamed male who appears to have given her four children, none of them called “Pickering”. When James and Ann did marry their offspring went into the melting pot of half siblings at subsequent Bulmer census households.
Bulmer Families gives James’ occupation as “Farmer & Carter at Brick works”. The Filey censuses show him “at home” in 1851, aged 17, out of town in 1861, a Farmer in 1881 and 1891, and a Carter in 1901.He had a ‘tween census adventure as an Innkeeper.
On Saturday, 22nd September 1878 the Scarborough Mercury reported –
ANOTHER LANDLORD IN TROUBLE
James Bulmer, landlord of the Star Inn, was also summoned for permitting drunkenness in his house on the 4th inst. Sergeant Winpenny proved the case, but as there appeared to be a doubt on the minds of the bench they dismissed it.
More serious trouble found James a year or so later. The following notice appeared in the local paper on Saturday 10th January 1880 -
MESSRS. HUME AND FOWLER,
AUCTIONEERS AND VALUERS,
HOUSE AND ESTATE AGENTS,UPHOLSTERS
102, WESTBOROUGH, SCARBOROUGH.
In the Liquidation of JAMES BULMER.
THE “STAR INN,” FILEY.
MESSRS HUME & FOWLER have received instructions from Mr. ROBERT MITCHELL, Public Accountant, 2, St. Nicholas Street, Scarborough, (the Trustee in the above Estate), to SELL by AUCTION, on TUESDAY, January 13th, 1880, the following HORSES, FARM PRODUCE, IMPLEMENTS, HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, &c., viz.:-
Four Horses, aged.
About 4 Tons of Good Hay.
Do. 5 Tons of Barley Straw.
Do. 5 Tons of Oat Straw.
Do. 4 Tons Rakings.
Lorrie in excellent condition, to carry 2 tons; 2 carts, trappings for 3 horses, plough, 2 pairs harrows, stone roller, turnip-cutter, weighing machine, corn mill, 3 wheelbarrows, 5 forks, 2 rakes, 18 shelter boards, winowing machine, stone trough, shovels, corn bin, scuttle, grindstone, &c.
About 5 Tons of Swede Turnips.
30 Tons Flint Stones and Gravel.
The Straw and Stones will be sold in a Field near the Railway Station.
THE CONTENTS OF THE “STAR INN” consist of dining table, 8 small chairs, arm-chair, mantel glass, small table, fender, fire-irons, tapestry carpet, hearth rug, muslin shades, &c. Tap-room.-Eight small chairs, two armchairs, long-seat, with back; large round table, eight days’ clock, chimney glass, pictures, fender, fire-irons, &c. Also, Contents of 4 Bedrooms, Kitchen and Scullery Utensils, &c.
Sale to commence at Eleven o’clock a.m. prompt.
(Flat Caps 38 Whippets Nil has then and now photos of The Star.)
James didn’t know it then but he still had 30 years of life ahead of him. At the 1881 census there were ten mouths to feed, including seven children he claimed as his own, aged 19 down to 2, plus 8 year old boarder, Pickering TEMPLE. (He had married Ann TEMPLE in 1875.) Sensibly, he seems to have gone back to doing what he knew best, farming and transporting people and their products around the district, though he still got into scrapes.
Scarborough Mercury, Saturday 9th April 1881
At the Bridlington Petty Sessions on Saturday, James Bulmer, carriage driver, Filey, was summoned for keeping a dog without having a license. Sergt. Cooper stated that on March 14th, from a complaint that he had received, he went to defendant’s house and asked him if he had a dog, to which he replied “Yes.” Witness said it had been worrying some sheep or lambs. He said “Yes, it worried a lamb at Muston to-day.” Witness said, “I wonder you keep it, you know it got Cogill into trouble the other day.” Witness was directed to an outhouse, and there saw the dog. He then asked the defendant if he had got the license for it, and he replied in the negative, as he had not paid Cogill for it yet, and did not know whether it was his or not. Witness told him that he was responsible for it and for what it had done. He replied that he knew that. Defendant stated that he only had the dog on trial for a week or two, and the first day he had it out it worried a lamb so he sent it back.—The Chairman said there was a doubt in the case, and gave the defendant the benefit of it, and dismissed the case.
Four years later James put in the lowest tender for scavenging, which the Local Board accepted. (James wanted £43, Mr APPLEBY £65 and Mr G. GEDGE £50.)
Two years before his death in 1911 a James BULMER was in the dock with George BULMER, Thomas SMITH, and two or more characters called STONEHOUSE. Liquidated James was 74 years old so the BULMERs facing the disapproval of the Lord of the Manor could have been his sons, James (born 1864) and George (born 1879). In the 1901 Census the brothers were both living with their parents at 81 Queen Street, James described as a general labourer and George a carriage proprietor.
Queen Street today. No. 79 is in the left, after the red brick house. There doesn’t appear to be a No. 81 because the next house, before the pale green property, is 83. This may be two houses that have been knocked into one, or perhaps street numbering changed after 1901.
Scarborough Mercury, Friday 14 May 1909
FILEY FORESHORE RIGHTS
CHANCERY DIVISION PROCEEDINGS
In the Chancery Division on Friday, Mr. Justice Neville had before him a motion in the action Mitford v. Bulmer and others, which related to foreshore rights in the neighbourhood of Filey. The plaintiff moved for an interim injuction to restrain the defendants from carting or carrying away stone, sand, gravel, seaweed, etc.. from the foreshore.
Mr. Maugham, who appeared for the plaintiff, said that as regarded three defendants, he asked for no order, except that the costs of the motion should be costs in the action. They were James Bulmer, George Bulmer, and Thomas Smith. Their case was that there was a narrow strip of land that did not form part of the foreshore, and it was from this that they had been taking the sand, etc. As regarded the defendants Stonehouse, however, he should submit there was a clear case, and he asked for an interlocutory injunction.
His Lordship granted an injunction against the lastnamed defendants until the trial or further order.
I don’t know how this case concluded but my money would be on his Lordship winning it. James BULMER Senior died on February 16th, 1911, and was buried in St Oswald’s churchyard. He shares a grave with his father.
Francis CRIMLISK 1830, son of Thomas CRIMLISK and Catherine McDEVITT
Mary Jane HOLMES 1879, daughter of William Simpson HOLMES and Nancy JOHNSON
Source: Kath Wilkie’s Filey Folk database
Since I last mused about “Pampletine” I’ve seen a mid-19th century map on the North Yorkshire County Council website that shows the South Pampletine Cliffs to the south of Church Ravine. The cliffs to the north of Arndale/Horn Dale as far as Gutter End are called Wool Dale.